Defend the Defenders’ Latest Statistics: Vietnam Holds 255 Prisoners of Conscience

Defend the Defenders, Press Release, April 1, 2021

For immediate release

According to Defend the Defenders’ statistics, as of March 31, 2021, Vietnam’s communist regime is holding at least 255 prisoners of conscience in prisons or other forms of detention. The number does not include Ngo Hao (m) whose sentence is currently suspended for medical treatment and Le Anh Hung (m) who are forcibly committed in mental hospitals without judicial process. The number also does not include 15 land petitioners from Dong Tam commune who were arrested on January 9 last year during the police raid in the locality and convicted of “resisting on-duty state officials” at the first-instance hearing on September 7-14, 2020 but given probation sentences.

POC Dinh Thi Thu Thuy

The list includes female activist Huynh Thuc Vy (f) who has been convicted and sentenced but is held under house arrest in the maternal period.

As many as 23 of the prisoners of conscience identified by Defend the Defenders are women human rights defenders (WHRDs).

In total, 183 people, or 72.3% of the list, are from the Kinh ethnic majority. The second-largest ethnic grouping on the list is Montagnards, a loose set of religious and ethnic minorities who live in the mountains of the Central Highlands. They account for 62 people or 24.5% of those on the list. There are six prisoners of conscience from the Hmong ethnic minority and two on the list are Khmer Krom.

Bloggers, lawyers, unionists, land rights activists, political dissidents, and followers of non-registered minority religions have been arrested and detained for peacefully exercising their internationally and constitutionally protected rights, principally the right to freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly, and religion or belief. The list does not include individuals who have engaged in or advocated violence.

Vietnam still holds 32 activists in pre-trial detention, 27 of them were arrested in 2018-2020 and the remaining five were arrested in January-March this year. Among them are well-known political blogger Pham Chi Thanh (aka Pham Thanh- m), and globally-recognized human rights defender and political blogger Pham Doan Trang (f). Both were arrested in 2020 on the allegation of “conducting anti-state propaganda” under Article 117 of the Criminal Code, and face imprisonment of between seven and 20 years in prison if are convicted.

POC Nguyen Thi Ngoc Suong (red shirt) and POC Vu Thi Dung at the appellate trial on September 23, 2019

The above includes 223 who have been convicted – mostly of political crimes under Articles 79, 87, and 88 of the1999 Penal Code or Article 109, 117, and 331 in the 2015 Criminal Code.

The total number includes:

– 50 activists convicted or charged with subversion (Article 79 of 1999 Penal Code or Article 109 in the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 52 activists convicted or charged with anti-state propaganda (Article 88 of the 1999 Penal Code or Article 117 of the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 56 people from ethnic minorities were convicted of undermining the national unity policy (Article 87 of the 1999 Penal Code or 116 of the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 21 activists were convicted or charged with “abusing democratic freedom” (Article 258 of the 1999 Penal Code or Article 331 of the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 12 activists were convicted or charged with “disruption of security” under Article 118 of the 2015 Criminal Code;

– 25 individuals were convicted of or charged with “disrupting public orders” (under Article 245 of the 1999 Penal Code or Article 318 of the 2015 Criminal Code) for their peaceful activities. As many as 16 of them were imprisoned for participating or being suspected of planning to participate in the mass demonstrations in mid-June 2018 and their aftermath;

– Three activists Chau Van Kham (male, Vietnamese Australian), Nguyen Van Vien (m), and Tran Van Quyen (m) were convicted of “terrorism” under Article 113 of the 2015 Criminal Code.

– The charges for 13 individuals are unknown, including three Montagnards followers of the Ha Mon sect arrested on March 19 last year.

Vietnam is among the world’s biggest prisons for journalists and Facebookers, holding 28 of them in police custody, according to the Paris-based Reporters Without Borders (RSF)’s report released on December 1, 2020. The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) has also listed Vietnam among the global biggest prisons for journalists with 15 journalists being imprisoned.

POC Trinh Ba Phuong

Background

Vietnam’s communist regime tightens control over the nation, intensifying its crackdown on local political dissidents, government critics, social activists, and human rights defenders before and after the 13th National Congress of the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) which was held on January 24-February 1 this year. During the congress, many conservative senior leaders such as General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc who will take the state president post in April, and Minister of Public Security To Lam, were re-elected to the party’s most powerful body Politburo and they will continue to hold high-ranking positions of the regime in the next five year. More arrests and severe imprisonments are expected in the coming years.

It is unclear whether under the new administration of President Joe Biden the US can pressure Vietnam on human rights issues to request Hanoi to respect its international commitments on human rights and stop the ongoing persecution and release prisoners of conscience or not. During Trump’s administration in the past five years, the bilateral relationship developed fast in economic and defense-security aspects, however, ordinary Vietnamese have yet benefited from that development while government critics have suffered from arbitrary detentions and severe imprisonments.

POC Nguyen Duy Huong

Arrest in January-March

Between January 1 and March 31, Vietnam arrested five Facebookers. Three of them were charged with “conducting anti-state propaganda” under Article 117 while the remaining two were alleged to “abusing democratic freedom” under Article 331. It is worth noting that Mr. Le Trong Hung from Hanoi and Mr. Tran Quoc Khanh from Ninh Binh was taken into police custody after announcing their plans to run for the country’s highest legislative body National Assembly in the upcoming election in late May. Medical doctor Nguyen Duy Huong from the central province of Nghe An was arrested after criticizing Vietnamese leaders on human rights violations, including the severe human rights abuse against Dong Tam land petitioners. Meanwhile, state newspaper journalist Phan Bui Bao Thy and his partner Le Anh Dung were arrested and charged with “abusing democratic freedom” after denouncing state officials’ corruption.

Convictions in January-March

In the first three months of this year, Vietnam’s communist regime convicted nine activists and sentenced them to a combined total of 76 years in prison and 15 years of probation.

On January 5, the People’s Court of Ho Chi Minh City convicted three members of the unregistered professional group Independent Journalists Association of Vietnam (IJAVN), President Ph.D. Pham Chi Dung, Vice President Nguyen Tuong Thuy, and young editor Le Huu Minh Tuan of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for their online posts. Mr. Dung was sentenced to 15 years in prison and three years of probation, the most severe sentence given for the charge for decades. Mr. Thuy and Mr. Tuan were given 11 years in prison followed by three years of probation each. After the first-instance hearing, Mr. Dung did not appeal the court’s decision because he does not have a belief in Vietnam’s judicial system while Mr. Thuy also did not submit his appeal after security officers wanted him to write the petition under their direction. Only Mr. Tuan appealed but it is unclear where the appeal hearing will be held.

Two weeks later, on January 20, the People’s Court of Hau Giang convicted local environmental activist and human rights defender Dinh Thi Thu Thuy, also of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for her online activities which aim to address the country’s issues. She was sentenced to seven years in prison.

On March 30, in two separate trials, four Facebookers were also convicted of “conducting anti-state propaganda” and sentenced to a combined total of 31 years in prison and six years of probation. The People’s Court of Lam Dong province sentenced Mr. Vu Tien Chi to ten years in prison followed by three years of probation while the People’s Court of Khanh Hoa province gave Ms. Nguyen Thi Cam Thuy nine years in prison and three years of probation, Ms. Ngo Thi Ha Phuong- seven years in prison, and Mr. Le Viet Hoa- five years in prison. They were alleged of posting articles and live streams on their Facebook accounts with content to distort the regime’s policies and defame the regime’s leaders.

The four hearings failed to meet international standards for a fair trial as the sentences were pre-determined before the hearing started, the defense of the activists’ lawyers and themselves were ignored and the hearings lasted only one day. Like other political cases, the presence in a courtroom was limited to a few relatives of the defendants-activists.

On March 24, the Higher People’s Court in Hanoi rejected the appeal of poet dissident and human rights defender Tran Duc Thach who was convicted of subversion and sentenced to 12 years in prison and three years of probation by the People’s Court of Nghe An province in the first-instance hearing on December 15 last year due to his participation in the unregistered group Brotherhood for Democracy whose ten members were arrested and convicted of subversion in recent years.

Two days earlier, the People’s Court of Phu Yen province suddenly canceled the first-instance hearing against local freelance journalist Tran Thi Tuyet Dieu who was arrested on August 21 last year on the allegation of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for her online posts on various issues the country is facing.

After two days of working out of scheduled three days, in the evening of March 9, the Higher People’s Court in Hanoi announced its final decision regarding the appeal of six Dong Tam land petitioners who were accused of murder or “resisting on-duty state officials” during the bloody raid of around 3,000 riot policemen to the commune on January 9 last year. The court upheld the severe sentences given by the People’s Court of Hanoi in the first-instance hearing in mid-September 2020 despite defense lawyers showing strong evidence for the investigation’s wrongdoings and the six land petitioners’ claims of their innocence. The death sentences of two brothers Mr. Le Dinh Cong and Mr. Le Dinh Chuc and the life imprisonment of Mr. Le Dinh Danh as well as severe imprisonment sentences of three others were upheld. According to the lawyers’ report, the appeal hearing failed to meet the international standards for a fair trial, like the first-instance hearing.

After more than nine months of being held incommunicado by the Hoa Binh province’s police since her arrest in late June last year, in late March, a former prisoner of conscience Can Thi Theu was permitted to meet her lawyer for the first time to prepare for her defense in the first-instance hearing which is expected to be held in coming weeks. Her second son Trinh Ba Tu who was arrested on the same day of the same allegation “conducting anti-state propaganda” and held incommunicado in the same temporary detention under the authority of the Hoa Binh province’s Police Department, is expected to meet his lawyer soon.

POC Le Trong Hung

Mistreatment in prison

Vietnam’s Ministry of Public Security continues its policy to keep prisoners, especially prisoners of conscience, under hard living conditions in a bid to punish them for their non-violent activities but harmful for the communist regime and break their mental strength. Along with sending prisoners of conscience to prisons far from their families, it allows authorities in the prisons and the temporary detention centers to apply other psychological measures to make the life of jailed activists harder, such as denying them their rights to regular meetings with their families and receiving additional food and medicines from their relatives, placing them in solitary cells or isolated areas, or forcing them to work hard without proper protective equipment. It also puts added psychological and financial trauma on the family members.

Mr. Trinh Ba Phuong, the oldest son of Mrs. Theu who was also arrested on the same day with his mother and younger brother Tu on the same allegation of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for advocating Dong Tam land petitioners, was transferred to a mental hospital in early March for psychological assessment after he keeps his right of silence during interrogation without the presence of his lawyer. He faces the risk of being injected with drugs during the time of the assessment. The authorities of Hanoi did not inform his family about the transfer and his wife had to ask the police officer responsible for the case about his situation.

Ms. Nguyen Thi Ngoc Suong, who was sentenced to five years in prison on a charge of “conducting anti-state propaganda” last year and currently serves her sentence in An Phuoc Prison camp, is suffering from a number of severe diseases such as kidney and liver disorders but the prison authorities refuse to send her to a hospital for treatment. Her life is at great risk if she will not be treated property on time, according to a former prisoner of conscience Doan Thi Hong, who shared the same cell with Suong before being released on March 9.

Labor activist and human rights defender Nguyen Van Duc Do, who is serving his 11-year imprisonment in Xuan Loc Prison camp in the southern province of Dong Nai, has been placed in a solitary cell for around 300 days and not permitted to meet with his relatives nor receive additional food from his family. He has been beaten and threatened by guard dogs while suffering from a number of severe diseases.

Since October last year, labor activist Hoang Duc Binh, who is serving his 14-year imprisonment in An Diem Prison camp in the central province of Quang Nam, has been denied family’s visits and his right to receive additional food and stuff from his family as the prison’s punishment for his refusal to wear the prison uniform with letters Criminal. Binh has never admitted to committing crimes but advocating for human rights and workers’ rights.

Many former prisoners of conscience reported that most prisoners of conscience from ethnic minorities have no family visits and their lives in prisons are very hard since they rely on prison’s supply only.

POC Doan Thi Hong and her daughter Ha Vy before being arrested

Release from prison in 2020

In January-March, ten prisoners of conscience were released or expected to complete their imprisonments. Defend the Defenders has no information which would confirm the release of most of them. However, Defend the Defenders still excludes their names from this list.

On February 4, anti-corruption activist Ha Van Nam was released, seven months earlier than his imprisonment due. More than one month later, Ms. Doan Thi Hong completed her 30 months of imprisonment and returned home to unite with her daughter who was under two years of age when she was arrested in early September 2018.

Defend the Defenders is concerned that authorities in Hanoi are still keeping blogger Le Anh Hung (m) in a local mental facility after investigating him on the respective allegations of “abusing democratic freedom” without any judicial process. The activist was subjected to forced medication, which can constitute torture under international law. In the same situation is Mr. Trinh Ba Phuong, who was taken to a mental hospital in early March for psychological assessment. In 2020, blogger  Pham Chi Thanh was also sent to the same facility but taken back to police custody after the assessment.

Vietnam’s authorities have extended the imprisonment suspension of Mr. Ngo Hao, allowing him to stay outside for a further three months for medical treatment for his poor health.

Poet Writer – POC Tran Duc Thach

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The term “prisoner of conscience” (POC) was coined by Peter Benenson in the 1960s. It refers to any individual “imprisoned for his/her political, religious or conscientiously held beliefs, ethnic origin, sex, color, language, national or social origin, economic status, birth, sexual orientation or another status who have not used violence or advocated violence or hatred.”

Defend the Defenders is Vietnam’s independent non-profit organization working to promote human and civil rights in the Southeast Asian nation. It has a network of dozens of human rights defenders across the nation who report human rights abuse in their areas.

Appendix 1: List of arrested activists in January-March 2021

No. Name DOB Residence Day of arrest Charge (s) Profession
1 Phan Bùi Bảo Thy 1971 Quảng Trị 10/O2/2021 331 Nhà báo
2 Lê Anh Dũng 1965 Quảng Trị 10/O2/2021 331 Facebooker
3 Trần Quốc Khánh 1960 Ninh Bình 10/O3/2021 117 Facebooker
4 Nguyễn Duy Hướng 1987 Nghệ An 22/3/2021 117 Facebooker
5 Lê Trọng Hùng 1979 Hanoi 27/3/2021 117 Facebooker

 

Appendix 2: List of activists convicted in January-March 2021

 

No. Name DOB Residence Day of arrest Charge (s) Trial date Sencence (years)
Jail Probation
1 Lê Hữu Minh Tuấn 1989 Khánh Hoà 12-Jun-20 117 5-Jan-21 11 3
2 Nguyễn Tường Thuỵ 1950 Hanoi 23-May-20 117 5-Jan-21 11 3
3 Phạm Chí Dũng 1966 HCM City 21-Nov-19 117 5-Jan-21 15 3
4 Nguyễn Văn Nhanh 1992 Đồng Nai   155 7-Jan-21 1  
5 Đinh Thị Thu Thuỷ 1982 Hậu Giang 18-Apr-20 117 20-Jan-21 7  
6 Nguyễn Thị Cẩm Thuý (f) 1976 Khánh Hoà 24-Jun-20 117 30-Mar-21 9 3
7 Ngô Thị Hà Phương 1996 Khánh Hoà   117 30-Mar-21 7  
8 Lê Viết Hòa 1962 Khánh Hoà   117 30-Mar-21 5  
9 Vũ Tiến Chi 1966 Lâm Đồng 24-Jun-20 117 30-Mar-21 10 3

 

Appendix 3: List of Prisoners of Conscience Released in January-March 2021

 

No. Name DOB Day of arrest Charge(s) Sentence (years) Day of Release
1 Nguyễn Quang Tuy   O9/2/2019 330 2 Sep-20
2 Hà Văn Nam 1981 5-Mar-19 318 2.5 Feb 4: 7-month sentence reduction
3 Bùi Hiếu Võ 1962 O3/2017 88 4.5 N/A, expected on Feb 17
4 Đoàn Thị Hồng (f) 1983 O2/9/2018 118 2.5 years 9-Mar-21
5 Bùi Mạnh Tiến   16/10/2019 318 1.25 N/A, expected in January
6 Nguyễn Tuấn Quân 1984 5-Mar-19 318 2 N/A, expected on March 5
7 Vũ Văn Hà 1990 5-Mar-19 318 2 N/A, expected on March 5
8 Ngô Quang Hùng 1993 5-Mar-19 318 2 N/A, expected on March 5
9 Trương Thị Thu Hằng (f) 1984 16/O2/2017 88 4 N/A, expected on Feb 16
10 Ma Phung Ngoc Phu (f) 1992 10-Apr-20 331 0.75 N/A, expected on January 10

 

Appendix 4: List of Prisoners of Conscience as of March 31, 2021

 

No. Names DoB Arrest date Charge Sentence (years) Detention facilities
1 Nguyễn Quang Khải 1969 20-Oct-20 337 Pre-trial detention Đồng Nai temporary detention facility
2 Phan Thị Thanh Hồng (f) 1969 21-Jun-20 318 Pre-trial detention HCM City’s temporary detention center
3 Phạm Đình Quý 1981 25-Sep-20 156 Pre-trial detention Dak Lak temporary detention center
4 Hoàng Minh Tuấn 1980 25-Sep-20 156 Pre-trial detention Dak Lak temporary detention center
5 Y Pum Nie 1964 10/O4/2018 116 Pre-trial detention HCM City’s temporary detention center
6 Nguyễn Bá Mạnh 1987 20/3/2019 288 Pre-trial detention Bac Ninh province’s temporary detention center
7 Phan Bùi Bảo Thy 1971 10/O2/2021 331 Pre-trial detention Quang Trị province temporary detention center
8 Lê Anh Dũng 1965 10/O2/2021 331 Pre-trial detention Quang Trị province temporary detention center
9 Lê Thị Bình (f) 1976 22/12/2020 331 Pre-trial detention Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
10 Trương Châu Hữu Danh 1982 16/12/2020 331 Pre-trial detention Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
11 Lê Văn Hải 1966 18-Sep-20 331 Pre-trial detention Binh Dinh province temporary detention center
12 Quách Duy 1982 18-Sep-20 331 Pre-trial detention Chi Hoa temporary detention center, HCM City
13 Trịnh Viết Bảng 1959 13/5/2019 331 Pre-trial detention Bac Ninh province’s temporary detention center
14 Nguyễn Duy Sơn 1981 O8/5/2018 331 Pre-trial detention Thanh Hoa province’s temporary detention center
15 Nguyễn Văn Trường 1976 O9/2/2018 331 Pre-trial detention Thai Nguyen province’s temporary detention center
16 Trần Văn Tú 1992   331 Pre-trial detention Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
17 Lê Trọng Hùng 1979 27-Mar-21 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
18 Nguyễn Duy Hướng 1987 22-Mar-21 117 Pre-trial detention Nghe An province temporary detention center
19 Trần Quốc Khánh 1960 3/10/21 117 Pre-trial detention Ninh Binh province’s temporary detention center
20 Phạm Đoan Trang (f) 1978 6-Oct-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
21 Tran Thi Tuyet Dieu (f) 1988 21-Aug-20 117 Pre-trial detention Phu Yen temporary detention center
22 Trịnh Bá Tư 1989 24-Jun-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hoa Binh temporary detention center
23 Trịnh Bá Phương 1985 24-Jun-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
24 Nguyễn Thị Tâm (f) 1972 24-Jun-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
25 Cấn Thị Thêu (f) 1962 24-Jun-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hoa Binh temporary detention center
26 Đinh Quang Phú 1973 9-Jan-20 117 Pre-trial detention Dak Nong temporary detention center
27 Nguyễn Văn Quang 1987 12/O6/2018 117 Pre-trial detention Thanh Hoa province’s temporary detention center
28 Pham Chi Thanh 1952 21-May-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hoa Lo temporary detention center, Hanoi
29 Cao Văn Dũng 1968 27-Nov-20 117 Pre-trial detention Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
30 1964 19-Mar-20 Unknown Pre-trial detention Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
31 Lup 1972 19-Mar-20 Unknown Pre-trial detention Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
32 Kưnh 1992 19-Mar-20 Unknown Pre-trial detention Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
33 Nguyễn Văn Nhanh 1992   155 1 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
34 Lê Đình Công 1964 9-Jan-20 123 death No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
35 Lê Đình Chức 1980 9-Jan-20 123 death No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
36 Bùi Viết Hiếu 1943 9-Jan-20 123 16 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
37 Nguyễn Văn Tuyến 1974 9-Jan-20 123 12 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
38 Lê Đình Doanh 1988 9-Jan-20 123 life impr. No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
39 Nguyễn Quốc Tiến 1980 9-Jan-20 123 13 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
40 Nguyễn Văn Quân 1980 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
41 Lê Đình Uy 1993 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
42 Lê Đình Quang 1984 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
43 Bùi Thị Nối (f) 1958 9-Jan-20 330 6 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
44 Bùi Văn Tiến 1979 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
45 Nguyễn Văn Duệ 1962 9-Jan-20 330 3 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
46 Bùi Văn Tuấn 1991 9-Jan-20 330 3 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
47 Trịnh Văn Hải 1988 9-Jan-20 330 3 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
48 Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Hạnh (f) 1976 O3/9/2018 118 8 years HCM City’s temporary detention center
49 Hồ Đình Cương N/A O4/9/2018 118 4.5 years HCM City’s temporary detention center
50 Ngô Văn Dũng 1969 O4/9/2018 118 5 years HCM City’s temporary detention center
51 Lê Quý Lộc 1976 11/O6/2018 118 5 years HCM City’s temporary detention center
52 Hoàng Thị Thu Vang (f) 1966 O3/9/2018 118 7 years An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
53 Đỗ Thế Hoá 1968 O2/9/2018 118 5 years Bo La Prison camp in Binh Duong
54 Trần Thanh Phương 1975 O2/9/2018 118 3.5 years Bo La Prison camp in Binh Duong
55 Đoàn Viết Hoan 1984 25/4/2019 118 3 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
56 Nguyễn Đình Khue 1978 25/4/2019 118 2.5 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
57 Võ Thường Trung 1977 25/4/2019 118 3 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
58 Ngô Xuân Thành 1970 25/4/2019 118 2.5 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
59 Trương Hữu Lộc 1963 11/O6/2018 118 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
60 Chau Van Kham 1949 13/1/2019 113 12 Thu Duc prison camp in Binh Thuan province
61 Nguyễn Văn Viễn 1971 13/1/2019 113 11 HCM City’s temporary detention center
62 Trần Văn Quyến 1999 23/1/2019 113 10 HCM City’s temporary detention center
63 Vũ Tiến Chi 1966 24-Jun-20 117 10 Lam Dong province’s temporary detention center
64 Nguyễn Thị Cẩm Thuý (f) 1976 24-Jun-20 117 9 Khanh Hoa temporary detention center
65 Ngô Thị Hà Phương  (f) 1996   117 7 Khanh Hoa temporary detention center
66 Lê Viết Hòa 1962   117 5 Khanh Hoa temporary detention center
67 Dinh Thi Thu Thuy (f) 1982 20-Apr-20 117 7 Hau Giang temporary detention center
68 Le Huu Minh Tuan 1989 12-Jun-20 117 11 Chi Hoa temporary detention center, HCM City
69 Nguyen Tuong Thuy 1950 23-May-20 117 11 Chi Hoa temporary detention center, HCM City
70 Phạm Chí Dũng 1966 21-Nov-19 117 15 HCM City’s temporary detention center
71 Nguyễn Trung Lĩnh 1967 27/5/2018 117 12 Hanoi temporary detention center
72 Nguyễn Quốc Đức Vượng 1991 23-Sep-19 117 8 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
73 Nguyễn Văn Nghiêm 1963 5-Nov-19 117 6 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
74 Phan Công Hải 1996 19-Nov-19 117 5 Nghe An province’s temporary detention center
75 Lê Văn Phương 1990 26-Oct-18 117 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
76 Trần Thanh Giang 1971 23/4/2019 117 8 An Giang province’s temporary detention center
77 Huỳnh Minh Tâm 1978 26/1/2019 117 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
78 Huỳnh Thị Tố Nga (f) 1983 28/1/2019 117 5 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
79 Nguyễn Chí Vững 1981 23/4/2019 117 6 Bac Lieu province’s temporary detention center
80 Phạm Văn Điệp 1965 29/6/2019 117 9 Thanh Hoa province’s temporary detention center
81 Nguyễn Năng Tĩnh 1976 29/5/2019 117 11 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa province
82 Nguyễn Văn Phước 1979 10/12/2O18 117 5 An Giang province’s temporary detention center
83 Nguyễn Ngọc Ánh 1980 30/O8/2018 117 6 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai (K2)
84 Huỳnh Trương Ca 1971 O4/9/2018 117 5.5 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai (K2)
85 Dương Thị Lanh (f) 1983 28/1/2019 117 8 Dac Nong province’s temporary detention center
86 Huỳnh Đắc Tuý 1976 22/2/2019 117 6 Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
87 Nguyễn Văn Công Em 1971 28/2/2019 117 5 Ben Tre province’s temporary detention center
88 Vũ Thị Dung (f) 1965 13/10/2018 117 6 Trại giam An Phước (Bình Dương)
89 Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Sương (f) 1968 13/10/2018 117 5 Trại giam An Phước (Bình Dương)
90 Nguyễn Đình Thành 1991 O8/6/2018 117 7 Binh Duong province’s temporary detention center
91 Nguyễn Viết Dũng 1976 27/9/2017 88 6 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
92 Trần Hoàng Phúc 1994 29-Jun-17 88 6 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
93 Vũ Quang Thuận 1966 O2/3/2017 88 8 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
94 Nguyễn Văn Điển 1980 O2/3/2017 88 6.5 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
95 Phan Kim Khánh 1983 21/3/2017 88 6 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
96 Nguyễn Văn Hoá 1995 11/O1/2017 88 7 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
97 Pham Long Dai 1996 16/O2/2017 88 6 Unknown
98 Doan Thi Bich Thuy (f) 1972 16/O2/2017 88 5 Unknown
99 Huỳnh Thị Kim Quyên (f) 1979 30/O4/2017 88 4 Unknown
100 Nguyễn Tấn An 1992 30/O4/2017 88 5 Unknown
101 Nguyễn Ngọc Quy 1992 30/O4/2017 88 4 Unknown
102 Tran Duc Thach 1952 23-Apr-20 109 12 Nghe An province’s temporary detention center
103 Tạ Tấn Lộc 1975 16/O2/2017 79 14 Unknown
104 Nguyen Quang Thanh 1983 16/O2/2017 79 14 Unknown
105 Nguyễn Văn Nghĩa 1977 16/O2/2017 79 12 Unknown
106 Nguyen Van Tuan 1984 16/O2/2017 79 12 Unknown
107 Trần Long Phi 1996 O7/7/2018 109 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
108 Huỳnh Đức Thanh Bình 1996 O7/7/2018 109 10 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
109 Từ Công Nghĩa 1993 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 10 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
110 Phan Trung 1976 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 8 Bo La Prison camp in Binh Duong
111 Nguyễn Quốc Hoàn 1977 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 13 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
112 Nguyễn Văn Đức Độ 1975 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 11 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
113 Lưu Văn Vịnh 1967 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 15 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
114 Lê Đình Lượng 1965 24/7/2017 79 (109) 20 Trại giam Ba Sao (Hà Nam)
115 Nguyễn Văn Túc 1974 O1/9/2017 79 (109) 13 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
116 Nguyễn Trung Trực 1963 O4/8/2017 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
117 Nguyễn Trung Tôn 1971 30/7/2017 79 (109) 12 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
118 Trương Minh Đức 1960 30/7/2017 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
119 Phạm Văn Trội 1972 30/7/2017 79 (109) 7 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
120 Nguyễn Bắc Truyển 1968 30/7/2017 79 (109) 11 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
121 Trần Thị Xuân (f) 1976 17/10/2017 79 (109) 9 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
122 Huỳnh Hữu Đạt 1970 O1/2/2017 79 (109) 13 Unknown
123 Trần Huỳnh Duy Thức 1966 24/5/2009 79 (109) 16 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
124 Lê Thanh Tùng 1968 15/12/2015 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
125 Trần Anh Kim 1949 21/9/2015 79 (109) 13 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
126 Hồ Đức Hoà 1974 O2/8/2011 79 (109) 13 Trại giam Ba Sao (Hà Nam)
127 Phạm Thị Phượng (f) 1945 O4/2010 79 (109) 11 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
128 Phan Văn Thu 1948 O5/2/2012 79 (109) Life imprisonment An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
129 Lê Xuân Phúc 1951 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 15 Trại giam Xuyên Mộc, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu
130 Le Trong Cu 1966 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
131 Lê Duy Lộc 1956 15/O2/2012 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
132 Nguyen Ky Lac 1956 O6/2/2012 79 (109) 12 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
133 Đỗ Thị Hồng (f) 1957 14/O2/2012 79 (109) 13 Binh Phuoc Prison camp
134 Tạ Khu 1947 O6/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
135 Trần Phi Dũng 1984 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 13 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
136 Trần Quân 1966 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 13 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
137 Vo Ngoc Cu 1951 O6/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
138 Vo Thanh Le 1955 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
139 Võ Tiết 1952 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
140 Vương Tân Sơn 1953 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 17 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
141 Doan Van Cu 1962 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 14 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
142 Lê Đức Đồng 1983 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 12 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
143 Lương Nhật Quang 1987 O3/2012 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
144 Phan Thanh Tường 1987 28/O2/2012 79 (109) 10 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
145 Nguyen Dinh 1968 Không rõ 79 (109) 14 Unknown
146 Nguyễn Thái Bình 1986 23/11/2012 79 (109) 12 Unknown
147 Phan Thanh Y 1948 23/11/2012 79 (109) 12 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
148 Tu Thien Luong 1950 23/11/2012 79 (109) 16 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
149 Hà Hải Ninh 1988 10-Jul-05 109 Unknown Quang Ninh province’s temporary detention center
150 Sung A Sinh 1983   109 life impr. Dien Bien province
151 Lau A Lenh 1970   109 life impr. Dien Bien province
152 Tran Huu My 1973   331 1 Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
153 Tran Trong Khai     331 1 HCM City’s temporary detention center
154 Huỳnh Anh Khoa 1982 13-Jun-20 331 1.25 Temporary detention center, District 8, HCM City
155 Nguyễn Đăng Thương 1957 13-Jun-20 331 1.5 Temporary detention center, District 8, HCM City
156 Chung Hoàng Chương 1977 1-Jan-20 331 1.5 Ninh Kieu district’s temporary detention center
157 Nguyễn Thị Huệ (f) 1968 2-Mar-19 331 2.5 Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
158 Đỗ Công Đương 1964 24/1/2018 318, 331 9 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
159 Hoàng Đức Bình 1983 15/5/2017 330, 331 14 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
160 Nguyễn Văn Thiên 1961 Không rõ 258 4 Unknown
161 Bùi Mạnh Đồng 1978 O9/2018 331 2.5 Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
162 Lê Văn Sinh 1965 O2/2019 331 5 Ninh Binh province’s temporary detention center
163 Pastor Y Yich 1969 13/5/2013 46, 49 and 87 12 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
164 A Gyun 1980 Unknown 87 6 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
165 A Tik 1952 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
166 Dinh Ku 1972 Unknown 87 7 Unknown
167 A Thin 1979 Unknown 87 6 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
168 A Ngo 1998 Unknown 87 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
169 A Yen 1984 Unknown 87 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
170 Y Hriam Kpa 1976 30/7/2015 87 6.5 Dak Tan Prison camp in Dak Lak
171 Y Lao Mlo 1987 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
172 A Quyn 1973 Unknown 87 9.5 Unknown
173 Pastor A Byo 1967 Unknown 87 4 Unknown
174 Y Drim Nie 1979 29/1O/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
175 Rah Lan Hip 1981 Unknown 116 7 Unknown
176 A Tach (aka Ba Hloi) 1959 Unknown 87 11 Unknown
177 Y Yem Hwing 1972 29/1O/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
178 A Chi 1983 Unknown 87 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
179 A Hung 1980 Unknown 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
180 A Ly 1979 Unknown 87 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
181 Run 1971 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
182 A Yum (aka Balk) 1940 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
183  Buyk/Byuk 1945 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
184 Buyk 1963 Unknown 87 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
185 John “Chinh” 1952 Unknown 87 10 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
186 A Hyum, (aka Ba Kol) 1940 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
187 Siu Thai (aka Ama Thuong) 1978 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
188 Kpuil Le N/A Unknown 87 8 Unknown
189 Kpuil Mel N/A Unknown 87 9 Unknown
190 Kpa Sinh 1959 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
191 Rah Lan Blom 1976 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
192 Rah Lan Mlih 1966 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
193 Ro Mah Klit 1946 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
194 Siu Brom 1967 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
195 Siu Hlom 1967 Unknown 87 12 Unknown
196 Ro Mah Pro 1964 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
197 Rmah Hlach (aka Ama Blut) 1968 Unknown 87 23 Unknown
198 Siu Koch (aka Ama Lien) 1985 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
199 Noh 1959 Unknown 87 12 Unknown
200 Ro Lan Ju (aka Ama Suit) 1968 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
201 Siu Ben (aka Ama Yon)   Unknown 87 12 Unknown
202 Kpa Binh 1976 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
203 Rmah Pro 1964 Unknown 87 Unknown Unknown
204 Nhi (aka Ba Tiem) 1958 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
205 Pinh 1967 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
206 Roh 1962 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
207 Y Bhom Kdoh 1965 O8/10/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
208 Y Chon Nie 1968 29/1O/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
209 Ksor Ruk 1975 30/1O/2018 87 10 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
210 Romah Daih   O8/7/2005 87 10 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
211 Kpuih Bop   O8/7/2005 87 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
212 Thao A Vang 1986 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
213 Vang A Phu 1977 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
214 Vang A Phu 1988 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
215 Vang A De 1990 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
216 Thao A Vang 1962 Unknown 87 18 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
217 Phang A Vang 1988 Unknown 87 18 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
218 Bùi Văn Trung 1964 26/6/2017 245 6 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
219 Bùi Văn Thắm 1987 26/6/2017 245, 247 6 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
220 Nguyễn Hoàng Nam 1982 26/6/2017 245 4 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
221 Đặng Thị Huệ (f) 1981 16/10/2019 318 3.5 An Khanh Prison camp (Ninh Binh)
222 Nguyễn Quỳnh Phong 1985 5-Mar-19 318 3 Bac Lieu province’s temporary detention center
223 Lê Văn Khiển 1990 5-Mar-19 318 2.5 Bac Lieu province’s temporary detention center
224 Trần Thị Ngọc (f) 1961 O3/8/2017 318 3.5 Unknown
225 Phạm Văn Sang 2002 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
226 Đỗ Văn Ngọc 1996 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
227 Ngô Văn Đạt 1989 1O/6/2018 318 3 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
228 Nguyễn Chương 1995 1O/6/2018 318 3 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
229 Bùi Thanh Tú 1990 1O/6/2018 318 5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
230 Nguyễn Văn Tiến 1998 1O/6/2018 318 4.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
231 Nguyễn Văn Thuận 1999 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
232 Nguyễn Ngọc Bình 1992 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
233 Nguyen Van Tan 1990 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
234 Đỗ Văn Thắng 1999 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
235 Nguyễn Tấn Vũ 2000 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
236 Ho Van Tam 1989 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
237 Nguyen Van Hung 1995 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
238 Nguyễn Văn Hiếu 1998 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
239 Trần Văn Xi 1995 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
240 Ngô Đức Thuận 2000 1O/6/2018 318 3 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
241 Nguyễn Văn Tuấn 1988 1O/6/2018 318 3 Unknown
242 Huỳnh Thục Vy (f) 1985   276 2.75 HCM City’s temporary detention center
243 Trần Đình Sang 1980 O9/4/2019 330 2 Yen Bai province’s temporary detention center
244 Nguyễn Văn Oai 1981 19/1/2017 257, 304 5 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
245 Trần Minh Lợi 1968 Unknown 290 6 Unknown
246 Nguyễn Văn Hữu 1957 Unknown Unknown 6 Unknown
247 Dieu Bre 1969 Unknown Unknown 4.5 Unknown
248 A Gron 1943 Unknown Unknown 8 Unknown
249 Dinh Ngo 1987 Unknown Unknown 7.5 Unknown
250 Pastor Runh 1979 Unknown Unknown 10 Unknown
251 Pastor Y Muk Nie 1968 Unknown Unknown 9 Unknown
252 Pastor Siu Nheo 1955 Unknown Unknown 10 Unknown
253 Y Ty Ksor 1989 Unknown Unknown 14 Unknown
254 Siu Bler 1962 Unknown Unknown 17 Unknown
255 Y Kur Bdap 1971 Unknown Unknown 17 Unknown

 

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