The anti-corruption work carried out by the state and the Communist Party of Vietnam for many years has shown signs of working, with corruption becoming more “reserved” and those who commit corruption have become more “cautious.”
However, despite the above signals, under pressure from the public, the new leadership of the Party and State of Vietnam, including the new Government and the National Assembly, is expected to continue and continue the anti-corruption campaign with higher effectiveness.
That is the opinion of Dr. Le Dang Doanh, former director of the Central Institute for Management Studies (CIEM) and former member of the Advisory Board for the Prime Minister of Vietnam in previous terms, sharing with BBC Vietnamese News on June 4, 2021, from Hanoi.
At the beginning of this exchange, Mr. Le Dang Doanh made an observation on the situation and movement of corruption in Vietnam:
“Through the fight against corruption, the indicators of a corrupt situation in Vietnam have now become more restrained.
And those involved in corruption have acted more cautiously, but the most serious problem now is the abuse of power to take advantage of the land and natural resources to eat price differences.
Because the price of land defined by the state is very low, while the market price of land is hundreds of times higher, and the difference is attractive for corrupted officials.
The anti-corruption campaign or incineration had a definite effect, that is, the adjusted corruption perception index.
However, Vietnam is still in a group of countries that are ranked low on that index in the world economies.”
Former Minister of Industry and Trade of Vietnam, Mr. Vu Huy Hoang is one of the officials disciplined in the recent “burning furnace” campaign.
Regarding anti-corruption expectations in the new term, a new period for the state leadership and the ruling Communist Party in Vietnam, including the new Government and the National Assembly, Mr. Le Dang Doanh emphasized the issue of increasing “openness and transparency” in more detail.
“In my opinion, the most important thing in fighting corruption in Vietnam is to continue to do it openly and transparently in a very specific and detailed manner.
If the King of Sweden visits Vietnam, takes a commercial plane, then has lunch at the airport and arrives in Vietnam by commercial plane, and the entire cost is posted publicly on the Internet, the public level transparency in Vietnam, although certain progress has been made, at present it is still not specific, it is not clear to whom, what to do, who signs what.
If now it is done openly and transparently in a very specific, detailed, and timely manner, I think corruption in Vietnam can be prevented more effectively.
Therefore, I very much hope that the National Assembly of Vietnam in the coming time will pay attention to concretizing the legal framework to curb and repel corruption.
As for the new Government, it is necessary to prepare the proposed laws to submit to the National Assembly and I also hope that the new Government will take very specific and effective measures to prevent corruption, by being open and transparent in a very specific and practical way.”
“Vision and expectation for the long term”
Over the past time, the fight against corruption in Vietnam, which is commonly known as the “burning furnace” fight against corruption, is said to have the imprint of the leader of the Communist Party of Vietnam’s General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong.
Giving further visions and expectations for the long and continuing journey, Mr. Le Dang Doanh told the BBC:
“I firmly believe that the pressure of the public and the aspirations of the people is very great. What are that pressure and aspiration? It is to continue the fight against corruption. Maybe that anti-corruption will be there under the direction of someone else. And that work will continue with other methods, in addition to other steps. But in my opinion, no matter who is directed, by what method and by what steps are taken, that anti-corruption work must continue.”
* Dr. Le Dang Doanh has written many articles on the Vietnamese economy, including many analytical articles, referring to the issue of corruption. From 2007 to 2009, he was a founding member of the IDS Institute for Development Studies, a self-dissolved independent think tank.
He was appointed by the United Nations as a member of the United Nations Development Policy Committee for the term from the beginning of 2016 to the end of 2018.