Defend the Defenders’ Latest Statistics: Vietnam Holds 258 Prisoners of Conscience

Defend the Defenders, Press Release, July 7, 2021

According to Defend the Defenders’ statistics, as of July 7, 2021, Vietnam’s communist regime is holding at least 258 prisoners of conscience in prisons or similar forms of detention. The number does not include blogger Le Anh Hung (m) who has been held in a mental clinic for enforced treatment since April last year.

The above number includes 218 who have been convicted – mostly of political crimes such as subversion, “propaganda against the state,” “abusing democratic freedom,” “disruption of security,” and “undermining the national unity” of the Criminal Code– and 40 others held in pre-trial detention. The list does include Vietnamese Australian Chau Van Kham (m) who was found guilty of terrorism under Article 113 of the code.

Bloggers, lawyers, unionists, land rights activists, political dissidents, and followers of non-registered minority religions have been arrested and detained for peacefully exercising their internationally and constitutionally protected rights, principally the right to freedom of expression, freedom of peaceful assembly, and freedom of religion or belief. The list does not include individuals who have engaged in or advocated violence.

Vietnam still holds 40 activists in pre-trial detention, six of them were arrested in 2018-2019, 15 others in 2020, and the remaining 19 were arrested this year. Among them is prominent political dissident and world-recognized human rights defender Pham Doan Trang.

Twenty-two of the prisoners of conscience identified by Defend the Defenders are female. All of these women come from the majority Kinh ethnic group. In total, 188 people, or 72.9% of the list, are ethnic Kinh. The second-largest ethnic grouping on the list is Montagnards, a loose set of religious and ethnic minorities who live in the mountains of the Central Highlands. They account for 62 people or 24% of those on the list. Six from Hmong and two on the list are Khmer Krom.

Most prisoners of conscience have been charged with or convicted of allegations under Articles 79, 87, and 88 of the1999 Penal Code or Article 109, 117, and 331 in the 2015 Criminal Code:

– 48 activists convicted or charged with subversion (Article 79 of 1999 Penal Code or Article 109 in the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 56 activists convicted and five charged with anti-state propaganda (Article 88 of the 1999 Penal Code or Article 117 of the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 56 people from ethnic minorities were convicted of undermining the national unity policy (Article 87 of the 1999 Penal Code or 116 of the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 25 activists were convicted or charged with “abusing democratic freedom” (Article 258 of the 1999 Penal Code or Article 331 of the 2015 Criminal Code);

– 13 activists were charged with “disruption of security” under Article 118 of the 2015 Criminal Code;

– 20 individuals were convicted of or charged with “disrupting public orders” (under Article 245 of the 1999 Penal Code or Article 318 of the 2015 Criminal Code) for their peaceful activities.

– Two activists Nguyen Van Vien (m) and Chan Van Quyen (m) were convicted of “terrorism” under Article 113 of the 2015 Criminal Code.

– The charges for 13 individuals are unknown, including three Montagaards followers of the Ha Mon sect arrested on March 19 this year.

Background

After arresting more than 40 activists and bloggers and convicted around 40 political dissidents last year, Vietnam’s communist regime continues its crackdown on the local political dissidents and social activists in a bid to ensure “social stability” before the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam conducted its 13th National Congress in late January this year and after the formal elections of the country’s rubber-stamped parliament named National Assembly and People’s Councils in localities on May 23.

During the congress, many conservative senior leaders such as General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc who took the state president post in April, and Minister of Public Security To Lam, were re-elected to the party’s most powerful body Politburo and they will continue to hold high-ranking positions of the regime in the next five year. More arrests and severe imprisonments are expected in the coming years as the international community is focusing on dealing with deadly Covid-19 pandemics which started in late 2019 and may continue to cause widespread infection worldwide in the next few years.

Arrest in January 1-July 6

Between January 1 and July 6, Vietnam arrested 18 activists and Facebookers. Seven of them were charged with “conducting anti-state propaganda” under Article 117 while ten others were alleged with “abusing democratic freedom” under Article 331.

On April 7, authorities in Hanoi detained prominent human rights advocate Nguyen Thuy Hanh, who established the 50K Fund two years ago and ran it until her arrest to assist families of prisoners of conscience and defenders-at-risks. She was alleged with “conducting anti-state propaganda” and may face lengthy imprisonment up to 20 years due to her charity activities, especially her support for Dong Tam land petitioners after the bloody police raid in the commune in early January last year.

It is worth noting that Mr. Le Trong Hung from Hanoi and Mr. Tran Quoc Khanh from Ninh Binh was taken into police custody after announcing their plans to run for the country’s highest legislative body National Assembly in the elections in late May. Medical doctor Nguyen Duy Huong from the central province of Nghe An was arrested after criticizing Vietnamese leaders on human rights violations, including the severe human rights abuse against Dong Tam land petitioners. Meanwhile, state newspaper journalist Phan Bui Bao Thy and his partner Le Anh Dung were arrested and charged with “abusing democratic freedom” after denouncing state officials’ corruption.

On June 30, security forces of the Hanoi Police Department arrested local Facebooker Le Van Dung (aka Le Dung Vova) one month after the issuance of a special nationwide arrest warrant. One week later, pro-democracy activist Do Nam Trung was detained on his way to work. Trung, who is a member of the Brotherhood for Democracy once being imprisoned for 14 months in prison in 2014-2015 for monitoring the mass protest in southern provinces against China’s expansionism in the East Sea (South China Sea). Both were charged with “conducting anti-state propaganda.”

On July 2, authorities in Hanoi detained well-known journalist Mai Phan Loi and charged him with tax evasion under Article 200 of the Criminal Code. The allegation is likely a political cause as revenge for his brave writing about the country’s issues. A number of political dissidents, including blogger Nguyen Van Hai (aka Dieu Cay) and lawyer Le Quoc Quan, were imprisoned after being convicted of trumped-up tax evasion.

Convictions in January-June

In the first half of this year, Vietnam’s communist regime convicted 16 activists and Facebookers and sentenced them to a combined total of 122 years in prison and 26 years of probation.

On January 5, the People’s Court of Ho Chi Minh City convicted three members of the unregistered professional group Independent Journalists Association of Vietnam (IJAVN), President Ph.D. Pham Chi Dung, Vice President Nguyen Tuong Thuy, and young editor Le Huu Minh Tuan of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for their online posts. Mr. Dung was sentenced to 15 years in prison and three years of probation, the most severe sentence given for the charge for decades. Mr. Thuy and Mr. Tuan were given 11 years in prison followed by three years of probation each. After the first-instance hearing, Mr. Dung did not appeal the court’s decision because he does not have belief in Vietnam’s judicial system while Mr. Thuy also did not submit his appeal after security officers wanted him to write the petition under their direction. Only Mr. Tuan appealed but it is unclear where the appeal hearing will be held.

Two weeks later, on January 20, the People’s Court of Hau Giang convicted local environmental activist and human rights defender Dinh Thi Thu Thuy, also of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for her online activities which aim to address the country’s issues. She was sentenced to seven years in prison.

On May 5, the People’s Court of Hoa Binh province convicted former prisoner of conscience  Can Thi Theu and her younger son Trinh Ba Tu of “conducting anti-state propaganda” and each of them was sentenced to eight years in prison and three years of probation. Her oldest child Trinh Ba Phuong, who was arrested on the same day of the arrest of the mother and the younger brother on the same allegation, is still held in pre-trial detention in Hanoi and is expected to be taken to a court soon.

On March 30, in two separate trials, four Facebookers were also convicted of “conducting anti-state propaganda” and sentenced to a combined total of 31 years in prison and six years of probation. The People’s Court of Lam Dong province sentenced Mr. Vu Tien Chi to ten years in prison followed by three years of probation while the People’s Court of Khanh Hoa province gave Ms. Nguyen Thi Cam Thuy nine years in prison and three years of probation, Ms. Ngo Thi Ha Phuong- seven years in prison, and Mr. Le Viet Hoa- five years in prison. They were alleged of posting articles and live streams on their Facebook accounts with content to distort the regime’s policies and defame the regime’s leaders.

The four hearings failed to meet international standards for a fair trial as the sentences were pre-determined before the hearing started, the defense of the activists’ lawyers and themselves were ignored and the hearings lasted only one day. Like other political cases, the presence in a courtroom was limited to a few relatives of the defendants-activists.

On March 24, the Higher People’s Court in Hanoi rejected the appeal of poet dissident and human rights defender Tran Duc Thach who was convicted of subversion and sentenced to 12 years in prison and three years of probation by the People’s Court of Nghe An province in the first-instance hearing on December 15 last year due to his participation in the unregistered group Brotherhood for Democracy whose ten members were arrested and convicted of subversion in recent years.

Two days earlier, the People’s Court of Phu Yen province suddenly canceled the first-instance hearing against local freelance journalist Tran Thi Tuyet Dieu who was arrested on August 21 last year on the allegation of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for her online posts on various issues the country is facing.

In early June, two Facebookers Dang Hoang Minh and Cao Van Dung were suddenly convicted of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for their Facebook posts. Mr. Minh was sentenced to seven years in prison by the Hau Giang province’s People’s Court while Mr. Dung was given nine years in prison by a court in the central province of Quang Ngai. It is unclear when the two Facebookers were arrested.

After two days of working out of scheduled three days, in the evening of March 9, the Higher People’s Court in Hanoi announced its final decision regarding the appeal of six Dong Tam land petitioners who were accused of murder or “resisting on-duty state officials” during the bloody raid of around 3,000 riot policemen to the commune on January 9 last year. The court upheld the severe sentences given by the People’s Court of Hanoi in the first-instance hearing in mid-September 2020 despite defense lawyers showing strong evidence for the investigation’s wrongdoings and the six land petitioners’ claims of their innocence. The death sentences of two brothers Mr. Le Dinh Cong and Mr. Le Dinh Chuc and the life imprisonment of Mr. Le Dinh Danh as well as severe imprisonment sentences of three others were upheld. According to the lawyers’ report, the appeal hearing failed to meet the international standards for a fair trial, like the first-instance hearing.

Authorities in Hanoi have a plan to carry out the first-instance hearing on July 9 to try political blogger Pham Chi Thanh (aka Pham Thanh) on the charge of “conducting anti-state propaganda” for his criticism against many communist leaders, including late President Ho Chi Minh and the incumbent communist chief Nguyen Phu Trong. Defend the Defenders forecast that he will receive a heavy sentence, a common tendency in recent years.

Mistreatment in prison

Vietnam’s Ministry of Public Security continues its policy to keep prisoners, especially prisoners of conscience, under hard living conditions in a bid to punish them for their non-violent activities but harmful for the communist regime and break their mental strength. Along with sending prisoners of conscience to prisons far from their families, it allows authorities in the prisons and the temporary detention centers to apply other psychological measures to make the life of jailed activists harder, such as denying them their rights to regular meetings with their families and receiving additional food and medicines from their relatives, placing them in solitary cells or isolated areas, or forcing them to work hard without proper protective equipment. It also puts added psychological and financial trauma on the family members.

Ms. Nguyen Thi Ngoc Suong, who was sentenced to five years in prison on a charge of “conducting anti-state propaganda” last year and currently serves her sentence in An Phuoc Prison camp, is suffering from a number of severe diseases such as kidney and liver disorders but the prison authorities refuse to send her to a hospital for treatment. Her life is at great risk if she will not be treated properly on time, according to a former prisoner of conscience Doan Thi Hong, who shared the same cell with Suong before being released on March 9.

Labor activist and human rights defender Nguyen Van Duc Do, who is serving his 11-year imprisonment in Xuan Loc Prison camp in the southern province of Dong Nai, has been placed in a solitary cell for more than one year and not permitted to meet with his relatives nor receive additional food from his family. He has been beaten and threatened by guard dogs while suffering from a number of severe diseases.

Since October last year, labor activist Hoang Duc Binh, who is serving his 14-year imprisonment in An Diem Prison camp in the central province of Quang Nam, has been denied family’s visits and his right to receive additional food and stuff from his family as the prison’s punishment for his refusal to wear the prison uniform with letters Criminal. Binh has never admitted to committing crimes but advocating for human rights and workers’ rights.

The family of brave human rights defenders and democracy campaigners Can Thi Theu alarmed that she is held in a tiny cell without a fan during the hot summer in the temporary detention center operated by the Hoa Binh province’s Police Department. It is worth noting that Mr. Dao Quang Thuc was treated the same way by the same detention center and he died in 2019 shortly after being transferred to the Gia Trung prison camp in the Central Highlands province of Gia Lai.

Many former prisoners of conscience reported that most prisoners of conscience from ethnic minorities have no family visits and their lives in prisons are very hard since they rely on prison’s supply only.

Release from prison on January 1- July 6

In the first half of this year, 23 prisoners of conscience were released or expected to complete their imprisonments. Defend the Defenders has no information which would confirm the release of most of them. However, Defend the Defenders still excludes their names from this list.

On February 4, anti-corruption activist Ha Van Nam was released, seven months earlier than his imprisonment due. More than one month later, Ms. Doan Thi Hong completed her 30 months of imprisonment and returned home to unite with her daughter who was under two years of age when she was arrested in early September 2018.

Defend the Defenders is concerned that authorities in Hanoi are still keeping blogger Le Anh Hung (m) in a local mental facility after investigating him on the allegation of “abusing democratic freedom” without any judicial process. The activist was subjected to forced medication, which can constitute torture under international law. In the same situation is Mr. Trinh Ba Phuong, who was taken to a mental hospital in early March for psychological assessment. In 2020, blogger  Pham Chi Thanh was also sent to the same facility but taken back to police custody after the assessment.

Vietnam’s authorities have allowed prisoner of conscience Mr. Ngo Hao to go to live in exile in Finland after suspending his 15-year imprisonment for urgent medical treatment. He arrived in Helsinki in early April.

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The term “prisoner of conscience” (POC) was coined by Peter Benenson in the 1960s. It refers to any individual “imprisoned for his/her political, religious or conscientiously held beliefs, ethnic origin, sex, color, language, national or social origin, economic status, birth, sexual orientation or another status who have not used violence or advocated violence or hatred.”

Defend the Defenders is Vietnam’s independent non-profit organization working to promote human and civil rights in the Southeast Asian nation. It has a network of dozens of human rights defenders across the nation who report human rights abuse in their areas.

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For appendixes: https://www.vietnamhumanrightsdefenders.net/2021/07/06/defend-the-defenders-latest-statistics-vietnam-holds-258-prisoners-of-conscience-2/

Appendix 1: List of arrested activists in January 1-July 6, 2021

No. Name DOB Residence Day of arrest Charge (s) Profession
1 Phan Bùi Bảo Thy 1971 Quảng Trị 10/O2/2021 331 Nhà báo
2 Lê Anh Dũng 1965 Quảng Trị 10/O2/2021 331 Facebooker
3 Trần Quốc Khánh 1960 Ninh Bình 10/O3/2021 117 Facebooker
4 Nguyễn Duy Hướng 1987 Nghệ An 22/3/2021 117 Facebooker
5 Lê Trọng Hùng 1979 Hanoi 27/3/2021 117 Facebooker
6 Nguyễn Hoài Nam 1973 HCM City 2-Apr-21 331 Journalist
7 Nguyễn Thuý Hạnh 1963 Hanoi 7-Apr-21 117 HRD
8 Nguyễn Thanh Nhã 1980   20-Apr-21 331 Journalist
9 Đoàn Kiên Giang 1985   20-Apr-21 331 Journalist
10 Nguyễn Phước Trung Bảo 1982   20-Apr-21 331 Journalist
11 Nguyễn Bảo Tiên 1986 Phú Yên 5-May-21 117 shipper, LPH
12 Trần Ngọc Sơn 1965 Vĩnh Phúc 20/5/2021 331 Facebooker
13 Bạch Văn Hiền 1987 Quảng Ngãi June 30, 1021 331 Facebooker
14 Phùng Thanh Tuyến 1983 Quảng Ngãi June 30, 1021 331 Facebooker
15 Lê Trung Thu 1980 Quảng Ngãi June 30, 1021 331 Facebooker
16 Lê Văn Dũng 1970 Hà Nội June 30, 1021 117 Facebooker
17 Đỗ Nam Trung 1981 Hà Nội 6-Jul-21 117  
18 Mai Phan Lợi 1971 Hà Nội 2-Jul-21 200 Journalist

 

Appendix 2: List of activists convicted in January-June 2021

 

No. Name DOB Residence Day of arrest Charge (s) Trial date Sencence (years)
Jail Probation
1 Lê Hữu Minh Tuấn 1989 Khánh Hoà 12-Jun-20 117 5-Jan-21 11 3
2 Nguyễn Tường Thuỵ 1950 Hanoi 23-May-20 117 5-Jan-21 11 3
3 Phạm Chí Dũng 1966 HCM City 21-Nov-19 117 5-Jan-21 15 3
4 Nguyễn Văn Nhanh 1992 Đồng Nai   155 7-Jan-21 1  
5 Đinh Thị Thu Thuỷ 1982 Hậu Giang 18-Apr-20 117 20-Jan-21 7  
6 Nguyễn Thị Cẩm Thuý (f) 1976 Khánh Hoà 24-Jun-20 117 30-Mar-21 9 3
7 Ngô Thị Hà Phương (f) 1996 Khánh Hoà   117 30-Mar-21 7  
8 Lê Viết Hòa 1962 Khánh Hoà   117 30-Mar-21 5  
9 Vũ Tiến Chi 1966 Lâm Đồng 24-Jun-20 117 30-Mar-21 10 3
10 Lê Văn Hải 1967 Bình Định O9/2020 331 31-Mar-21 4  
11 Lê Thị Bình 1976 Cần Thơ 22-Dec-20 331 22-Apr-21 2  
12 Trần Thị Tuyết Diệu 1988 Phú Yên   117 23-Apr-21 8  
13 Trịnh Bá Tư 1989 Hanoi 24-Jun-21 117 5-May-21 8 3
14 Cấn Thị Thêu 1962 Hanoi 24-Jun-21 117 5-May-21 8 3
15 Đặng Hoàng Minh 1993 Hậu Giang   117 2-Jun-21 7 2
16 Cao Văn Dũng 1968 Quảng Ngãi   117 9-Jun-21 9 3
  Total           122 26

 

Appendix 3: List of Prisoners of Conscience Released as of July 7, 2021

 

No. Name DOB Day of arrest Charge(s) Sentence (years) Day of Release
1 Nguyễn Quang Tuy   O9/2/2019 330 2 Sep-20
2 Hà Văn Nam 1981 5-Mar-19 318 2.5 Feb 4: 7-month sentence reduction
3 Bùi Hiếu Võ 1962 O3/2017 88 4.5 N/A, expected on Feb 17
4 Đoàn Thị Hồng (f) 1983 O2/9/2018 118 2.5 years 9-Mar-21
5 Bùi Mạnh Tiến   16/10/2019 318 1.25 N/A, expected in January
6 Nguyễn Tuấn Quân 1984 5-Mar-19 318 2 N/A, expected on March 5
7 Vũ Văn Hà 1990 5-Mar-19 318 2 N/A, expected on March 5
8 Ngô Quang Hùng 1993 5-Mar-19 318 2 N/A, expected on March 5
9 Trương Thị Thu Hằng (f) 1984 16/O2/2017 88 4 N/A, expected on Feb 16
10 Ma Phung Ngoc Phu (f) 1992 10-Apr-20 331 0.75 N/A, expected on January 10
  Nguyễn Hữu Mỹ 1973   331 1 Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
  Chung Hoàng Chương 1977 1-Jan-20 331 1.5 10/6/21
  Nguyễn Thị Huệ (f) 1968 2-Mar-19 331 2.5 Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
  Huỳnh Thị Kim Quyên (f) 1979 30/O4/2017 88 4 Unknown
  Nguyễn Ngọc Quy 1992 30/O4/2017 88 4 Unknown
  Tran Trong Khai     331 1 HCM City’s temporary detention center
  Bùi Mạnh Đồng 1978 O9/2018 331 2.5 Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
  Nguyễn Hoàng Nam 1982 26/6/2017 245 4 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
  Trần Thị Ngọc (f) 1961 O3/8/2017 318 3.5 Unknown
  Ngô Văn Đạt 1989 1O/6/2018 318 3 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
  Nguyễn Chương 1995 1O/6/2018 318 3 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
  Ngô Đức Thuận 2000 1O/6/2018 318 3 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
  Nguyễn Văn Tuấn 1988 1O/6/2018 318 3 Unknown

 

Appendix 4: List of Prisoners of Conscience as of July 7, 2021

 

No. Names DoB Arrest date Charge Sentence (years) Detention facilities
1 Nguyễn Quang Khải 1969 20-Oct-20 337 Pre-trial detention Đồng Nai temporary detention facility
2 Phan Thị Thanh Hồng (f) 1969 21-Jun-20 318 Pre-trial detention HCM City’s temporary detention center
3 Phạm Đình Quý 1981 25-Sep-20 156 Pre-trial detention Dak Lak temporary detention center
4 Hoàng Minh Tuấn 1980 25-Sep-20 156 Pre-trial detention Dak Lak temporary detention center
5 Y Pum Nie 1964 10/O4/2018 116 Pre-trial detention HCM City’s temporary detention center
6 Nguyễn Bá Mạnh 1987 20/3/2019 288 Pre-trial detention Bac Ninh province’s temporary detention center
7 Bạch Văn Hiền 1987 June 30, 1021 331 Pre-trial detention Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
8 Phùng Thanh Tuyến 1983 June 30, 1021 331 Pre-trial detention Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
9 Lê Trung Thu 1980 June 30, 1021 331 Pre-trial detention Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
10 Trần Ngọc Sơn 1965 20/5/2021 331 Pre-trial detention Vinh Phuc temporary detention center
11 Nguyễn Hoài Nam 1973 2-Apr-21 331 Pre-trial detention HCM City’s temporary detention center
12 Phan Bùi Bảo Thy 1971 10/O2/2021 331 Pre-trial detention Quang Trị province temporary detention center
13 Lê Anh Dũng 1965 10/O2/2021 331 Pre-trial detention Quang Trị province temporary detention center
14 Nguyễn Thanh Nhã 1980 20-Apr-21 331 Pre-trial detention Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
15 Đoàn Kiên Giang 1985 20-Apr-21 331 Pre-trial detention Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
16 Nguyễn Phước Trung Bảo 1982 20-Apr-21 331 Pre-trial detention Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
17 Trương Châu Hữu Danh 1982 16/12/2020 331 Pre-trial detention Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
18 Lê Văn Hải 1966 18-Sep-20 331 Pre-trial detention Binh Dinh province temporary detention center
19 Trịnh Viết Bảng 1959 13/5/2019 331 Pre-trial detention Bac Ninh province’s temporary detention center
20 Nguyễn Duy Sơn 1981 O8/5/2018 331 Pre-trial detention Thanh Hoa province’s temporary detention center
21 Nguyễn Văn Trường 1976 O9/2/2018 331 Pre-trial detention Thai Nguyen province’s temporary detention center
22 Trần Văn Tú 1992   331 Pre-trial detention Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
23 Đỗ Nam Trung 1981 6-Jul-21 117 Pre-trial detention Nam Dinh province’s temporary detention center
24 Lê Văn Dũng 1970 30-Jun-21 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
25 Nguyễn Bảo Tuên 1986 5-May-21 117 Pre-trial detention Phu Yen temporary detention center
26 Nguyễn Thuý Hạnh (f) 1963 7-Apr-21 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
27 Lê Trọng Hùng 1979 27-Mar-21 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
28 Nguyễn Duy Hướng 1987 22-Mar-21 117 Pre-trial detention Nghe An province temporary detention center
29 Trần Quốc Khánh 1960 3/10/21 117 Pre-trial detention Ninh Binh province’s temporary detention center
30 Phạm Đoan Trang (f) 1978 6-Oct-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
31 Trịnh Bá Phương 1985 24-Jun-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
32 Nguyễn Thị Tâm (f) 1972 24-Jun-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
33 Đinh Quang Phú 1973 9-Jan-20 117 Pre-trial detention Dak Nong temporary detention center
34 Nguyễn Văn Quang 1987 12/O6/2018 117 Pre-trial detention Thanh Hoa province’s temporary detention center
35 Pham Chi Thanh 1952 21-May-20 117 Pre-trial detention Hoa Lo temporary detention center, Hanoi
36 Cao Văn Dũng 1968 27-Nov-20 117 Pre-trial detention Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
37 Mai Phan Lợi 1971 2-Jul-21 200 Pre-trial detention Hanoi temporary detention center
38 1964 19-Mar-20 Unknown Pre-trial detention Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
39 Lup 1972 19-Mar-20 Unknown Pre-trial detention Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
40 Kưnh 1992 19-Mar-20 Unknown Pre-trial detention Gia Lai province’s temporary detention center
41 Nguyễn Văn Nhanh 1992   155 1 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
42 Lê Đình Công 1964 9-Jan-20 123 death No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
43 Lê Đình Chức 1980 9-Jan-20 123 death No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
44 Bùi Viết Hiếu 1943 9-Jan-20 123 16 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
45 Nguyễn Văn Tuyến 1974 9-Jan-20 123 12 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
46 Lê Đình Doanh 1988 9-Jan-20 123 life impr. No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
47 Nguyễn Quốc Tiến 1980 9-Jan-20 123 13 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
48 Nguyễn Văn Quân 1980 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
49 Lê Đình Uy 1993 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
50 Lê Đình Quang 1984 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
51 Bùi Thị Nối (f) 1958 9-Jan-20 330 6 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
52 Bùi Văn Tiến 1979 9-Jan-20 330 5 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
53 Nguyễn Văn Duệ 1962 9-Jan-20 330 3 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
54 Bùi Văn Tuấn 1991 9-Jan-20 330 3 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
55 Trịnh Văn Hải 1988 9-Jan-20 330 3 No. 2 temporary detention center, Hanoi
56 Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Hạnh (f) 1976 O3/9/2018 118 8 years An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
57 Hồ Đình Cương N/A O4/9/2018 118 4.5 years Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai province
58 Ngô Văn Dũng 1969 O4/9/2018 118 5 years An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
59 Lê Quý Lộc 1976 11/O6/2018 118 5 years An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
60 Hoàng Thị Thu Vang (f) 1966 O3/9/2018 118 7 years An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
61 Đỗ Thế Hoá 1968 O2/9/2018 118 5 years An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
62 Trần Thanh Phương 1975 O2/9/2018 118 3.5 years An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
63 Đoàn Viết Hoan 1984 25/4/2019 118 3 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
64 Nguyễn Đình Khue 1978 25/4/2019 118 2.5 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
65 Võ Thường Trung 1977 25/4/2019 118 3 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
66 Ngô Xuân Thành 1970 25/4/2019 118 2.5 Dong Nai province’s temporary detention center
67 Trương Hữu Lộc 1963 11/O6/2018 118 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
68 Chau Van Kham 1949 13/1/2019 113 12 Thu Duc prison camp in Binh Thuan province
69 Nguyễn Văn Viễn 1971 13/1/2019 113 11 HCM City’s temporary detention center
70 Trần Văn Quyến 1999 23/1/2019 113 10 HCM City’s temporary detention center
71 Cao Văn Dũng 1968   117 9 Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
72 Đặng Hoàng Minh 1968 15-Jun-05 117 7 Hậu Giang province’s temporary detention center
73 Trịnh Bá Tư 1989 24-Jun-20 117 8 Hoa Binh temporary detention center
74 Cấn Thị Thêu (f) 1962 24-Jun-20 117 8 Hoa Binh temporary detention center
75 Tran Thi Tuyet Dieu (f) 1988 21-Aug-20 117 8 Phu Yen temporary detention center
76 Vũ Tiến Chi 1966 24-Jun-20 117 10 Lam Dong province’s temporary detention center
77 Nguyễn Thị Cẩm Thuý (f) 1976 24-Jun-20 117 9 Khanh Hoa temporary detention center
78 Ngô Thị Hà Phương  (f) 1996   117 7 Khanh Hoa temporary detention center
79 Lê Viết Hòa 1962   117 5 Khanh Hoa temporary detention center
80 Dinh Thi Thu Thuy (f) 1982 20-Apr-20 117 7 Hau Giang temporary detention center
81 Le Huu Minh Tuan 1989 12-Jun-20 117 11 Chi Hoa temporary detention center, HCM City
82 Nguyen Tuong Thuy 1950 23-May-20 117 11 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
83 Phạm Chí Dũng 1966 21-Nov-19 117 15 HCM City’s temporary detention center
84 Nguyễn Trung Lĩnh 1967 27/5/2018 117 12 Hanoi temporary detention center
85 Nguyễn Quốc Đức Vượng 1991 23-Sep-19 117 8 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
86 Nguyễn Văn Nghiêm 1963 5-Nov-19 117 6 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
87 Phan Công Hải 1996 19-Nov-19 117 5 Nghe An province’s temporary detention center
88 Lê Văn Phương 1990 26-Oct-18 117 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
89 Trần Thanh Giang 1971 23/4/2019 117 8 An Giang province’s temporary detention center
90 Huỳnh Minh Tâm 1978 26/1/2019 117 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
91 Huỳnh Thị Tố Nga (f) 1983 28/1/2019 117 5 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
92 Nguyễn Chí Vững 1981 23/4/2019 117 6 Bac Lieu province’s temporary detention center
93 Phạm Văn Điệp 1965 29/6/2019 117 9 Thanh Hoa province’s temporary detention center
94 Nguyễn Năng Tĩnh 1976 29/5/2019 117 11 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa province
95 Nguyễn Văn Phước 1979 10/12/2O18 117 5 An Giang province’s temporary detention center
96 Nguyễn Ngọc Ánh 1980 30/O8/2018 117 6 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai (K2)
97 Huỳnh Trương Ca 1971 O4/9/2018 117 5.5 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai (K2)
98 Dương Thị Lanh (f) 1983 28/1/2019 117 8 Dac Nong province’s temporary detention center
99 Huỳnh Đắc Tuý 1976 22/2/2019 117 6 Quang Ngai province’s temporary detention center
100 Nguyễn Văn Công Em 1971 28/2/2019 117 5 Ben Tre province’s temporary detention center
101 Vũ Thị Dung (f) 1965 13/10/2018 117 6 Trại giam An Phước (Bình Dương)
102 Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Sương (f) 1968 13/10/2018 117 5 Trại giam An Phước (Bình Dương)
103 Nguyễn Đình Thành 1991 O8/6/2018 117 7 Binh Duong province’s temporary detention center
104 Nguyễn Viết Dũng 1976 27/9/2017 88 6 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
105 Trần Hoàng Phúc 1994 29-Jun-17 88 6 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
106 Vũ Quang Thuận 1966 O2/3/2017 88 8 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
107 Nguyễn Văn Điển 1980 O2/3/2017 88 6.5 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
108 Phan Kim Khánh 1983 21/3/2017 88 6 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
109 Nguyễn Văn Hoá 1995 11/O1/2017 88 7 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
110 Pham Long Dai 1996 16/O2/2017 88 6 Unknown
111 Doan Thi Bich Thuy (f) 1972 16/O2/2017 88 5 Unknown
112 Nguyễn Tấn An 1992 30/O4/2017 88 5 Unknown
113 Tran Duc Thach 1952 23-Apr-20 109 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
114 Tạ Tấn Lộc 1975 16/O2/2017 79 14 Unknown
115 Nguyen Quang Thanh 1983 16/O2/2017 79 14 Unknown
116 Nguyễn Văn Nghĩa 1977 16/O2/2017 79 12 Unknown
117 Nguyen Van Tuan 1984 16/O2/2017 79 12 Unknown
118 Trần Long Phi 1996 O7/7/2018 109 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
119 Huỳnh Đức Thanh Bình 1996 O7/7/2018 109 10 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
120 Từ Công Nghĩa 1993 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 10 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
121 Phan Trung 1976 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 8 Bo La Prison camp in Binh Duong
122 Nguyễn Quốc Hoàn 1977 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 13 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
123 Nguyễn Văn Đức Độ 1975 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 11 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
124 Lưu Văn Vịnh 1967 O5/11/2016 79 (109) 15 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
125 Lê Đình Lượng 1965 24/7/2017 79 (109) 20 Trại giam Ba Sao (Hà Nam)
126 Nguyễn Văn Túc 1974 O1/9/2017 79 (109) 13 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
127 Nguyễn Trung Trực 1963 O4/8/2017 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
128 Nguyễn Trung Tôn 1971 30/7/2017 79 (109) 12 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
129 Trương Minh Đức 1960 30/7/2017 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
130 Phạm Văn Trội 1972 30/7/2017 79 (109) 7 Ba Sao Prison camp in Ha Nam
131 Nguyễn Bắc Truyển 1968 30/7/2017 79 (109) 11 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
132 Trần Thị Xuân (f) 1976 17/10/2017 79 (109) 9 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
133 Huỳnh Hữu Đạt 1970 O1/2/2017 79 (109) 13 Unknown
134 Trần Huỳnh Duy Thức 1966 24/5/2009 79 (109) 16 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
135 Lê Thanh Tùng 1968 15/12/2015 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
136 Trần Anh Kim 1949 21/9/2015 79 (109) 13 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
137 Hồ Đức Hoà 1974 O2/8/2011 79 (109) 13 Trại giam Ba Sao (Hà Nam)
138 Phạm Thị Phượng (f) 1945 O4/2010 79 (109) 11 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
139 Phan Văn Thu 1948 O5/2/2012 79 (109) Life imprisonment An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
140 Lê Xuân Phúc 1951 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 15 Trại giam Xuyên Mộc, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu
141 Le Trong Cu 1966 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
142 Lê Duy Lộc 1956 15/O2/2012 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
143 Nguyen Ky Lac 1956 O6/2/2012 79 (109) 12 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
144 Đỗ Thị Hồng (f) 1957 14/O2/2012 79 (109) 13 Binh Phuoc Prison camp
145 Tạ Khu 1947 O6/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
146 Trần Phi Dũng 1984 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 13 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
147 Trần Quân 1966 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 13 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
148 Vo Ngoc Cu 1951 O6/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
149 Vo Thanh Le 1955 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
150 Võ Tiết 1952 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 16 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
151 Vương Tân Sơn 1953 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 17 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
152 Doan Van Cu 1962 10/O2/2012 79 (109) 14 Prison camp No. 5 in Thanh Hoa
153 Lê Đức Đồng 1983 O5/2/2012 79 (109) 12 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
154 Lương Nhật Quang 1987 O3/2012 79 (109) 12 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
155 Phan Thanh Tường 1987 28/O2/2012 79 (109) 10 Xuan Loc Prison camp in Dong Nai
156 Nguyen Dinh 1968 Không rõ 79 (109) 14 Unknown
157 Nguyễn Thái Bình 1986 23/11/2012 79 (109) 12 Unknown
158 Phan Thanh Y 1948 23/11/2012 79 (109) 12 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
159 Tu Thien Luong 1950 23/11/2012 79 (109) 16 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
160 Hà Hải Ninh 1988 10-Jul-05 109 Unknown Quang Ninh province’s temporary detention center
161 Sung A Sinh 1983   109 life impr. Dien Bien province
162 Lau A Lenh 1970   109 life impr. Dien Bien province
163 Lê Thị Bình (f) 1976 22/12/2020 331 2 Can Tho City’s temporary detention center
164 Quách Duy 1982 18-Sep-20 331 4.5 Chi Hoa temporary detention center, HCM City
165 Le Van Hai 1967 1-Sep-20 331 4 Binh Dinh province temporary detention center
166 Huỳnh Anh Khoa 1982 13-Jun-20 331 1.25 Temporary detention center, District 8, HCM City
167 Nguyễn Đăng Thương 1957 13-Jun-20 331 1.5 Temporary detention center, District 8, HCM City
168 Đỗ Công Đương 1964 24/1/2018 318, 331 9 Prison camp No. 6 in Nghe An
169 Hoàng Đức Bình 1983 15/5/2017 330, 331 14 An Diem Prison camp in Quang Nam
170 Nguyễn Văn Thiên 1961 Không rõ 258 4 Unknown
171 Lê Văn Sinh 1965 O2/2019 331 5 Ninh Binh province’s temporary detention center
172 Pastor Y Yich 1969 13/5/2013 46, 49 and 87 12 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
173 A Gyun 1980 Unknown 87 6 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
174 A Tik 1952 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
175 Dinh Ku 1972 Unknown 87 7 Unknown
176 A Thin 1979 Unknown 87 6 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
177 A Ngo 1998 Unknown 87 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
178 A Yen 1984 Unknown 87 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
179 Y Hriam Kpa 1976 30/7/2015 87 6.5 Dak Tan Prison camp in Dak Lak
180 Y Lao Mlo 1987 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
181 A Quyn 1973 Unknown 87 9.5 Unknown
182 Pastor A Byo 1967 Unknown 87 4 Unknown
183 Y Drim Nie 1979 29/1O/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
184 Rah Lan Hip 1981 Unknown 116 7 Unknown
185 A Tach (aka Ba Hloi) 1959 Unknown 87 11 Unknown
186 Y Yem Hwing 1972 29/1O/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
187 A Chi 1983 Unknown 87 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
188 A Hung 1980 Unknown 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
189 A Ly 1979 Unknown 87 7 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
190 Run 1971 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
191 A Yum (aka Balk) 1940 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
192  Buyk/Byuk 1945 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
193 Buyk 1963 Unknown 87 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
194 John “Chinh” 1952 Unknown 87 10 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
195 A Hyum, (aka Ba Kol) 1940 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
196 Siu Thai (aka Ama Thuong) 1978 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
197 Kpuil Le N/A Unknown 87 8 Unknown
198 Kpuil Mel N/A Unknown 87 9 Unknown
199 Kpa Sinh 1959 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
200 Rah Lan Blom 1976 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
201 Rah Lan Mlih 1966 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
202 Ro Mah Klit 1946 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
203 Siu Brom 1967 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
204 Siu Hlom 1967 Unknown 87 12 Unknown
205 Ro Mah Pro 1964 Unknown 87 8 Unknown
206 Rmah Hlach (aka Ama Blut) 1968 Unknown 87 23 Unknown
207 Siu Koch (aka Ama Lien) 1985 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
208 Noh 1959 Unknown 87 12 Unknown
209 Ro Lan Ju (aka Ama Suit) 1968 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
210 Siu Ben (aka Ama Yon)   Unknown 87 12 Unknown
211 Kpa Binh 1976 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
212 Rmah Pro 1964 Unknown 87 Unknown Unknown
213 Nhi (aka Ba Tiem) 1958 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
214 Pinh 1967 Unknown 87 9 Unknown
215 Roh 1962 Unknown 87 10 Unknown
216 Y Bhom Kdoh 1965 O8/10/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
217 Y Chon Nie 1968 29/1O/2012 87 8 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
218 Ksor Ruk 1975 30/1O/2018 87 10 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
219 Romah Daih   O8/7/2005 87 10 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
220 Kpuih Bop   O8/7/2005 87 9 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
221 Thao A Vang 1986 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
222 Vang A Phu 1977 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
223 Vang A Phu 1988 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
224 Vang A De 1990 Unknown 87 20 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
225 Thao A Vang 1962 Unknown 87 18 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
226 Phang A Vang 1988 Unknown 87 18 Na Tau Prison camp in Dien Bien
227 Bùi Văn Trung 1964 26/6/2017 245 6 An Phuoc Prison camp in Binh Duong
228 Bùi Văn Thắm 1987 26/6/2017 245, 247 6 Xuyen Moc Prison camop in Ba Ria-Vung Tau
229 Đặng Thị Huệ (f) 1981 16/10/2019 318 3.5 An Khanh Prison camp (Ninh Binh)
230 Nguyễn Quỳnh Phong 1985 5-Mar-19 318 3 Bac Lieu province’s temporary detention center
231 Lê Văn Khiển 1990 5-Mar-19 318 2.5 Bac Lieu province’s temporary detention center
232 Phạm Văn Sang 2002 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
233 Đỗ Văn Ngọc 1996 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
234 Bùi Thanh Tú 1990 1O/6/2018 318 5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
235 Nguyễn Văn Tiến 1998 1O/6/2018 318 4.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
236 Nguyễn Văn Thuận 1999 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
237 Nguyễn Ngọc Bình 1992 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
238 Nguyen Van Tan 1990 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
239 Đỗ Văn Thắng 1999 1O/6/2018 318 4 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
240 Nguyễn Tấn Vũ 2000 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
241 Ho Van Tam 1989 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
242 Nguyen Van Hung 1995 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
243 Nguyễn Văn Hiếu 1998 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
244 Trần Văn Xi 1995 1O/6/2018 318 3.5 Binh Thuan province’s temporary detention center
245 Huỳnh Thục Vy (f) 1985   276 2.75 HCM City’s temporary detention center
246 Trần Đình Sang 1980 O9/4/2019 330 2 Yen Bai province’s temporary detention center
247 Nguyễn Văn Oai 1981 19/1/2017 257, 304 5 Gia Trung Prison camp in Gia Lai
248 Trần Minh Lợi 1968 Unknown 290 6 Unknown
249 Nguyễn Văn Hữu 1957 Unknown Unknown 6 Unknown
250 Dieu Bre 1969 Unknown Unknown 4.5 Unknown
251 A Gron 1943 Unknown Unknown 8 Unknown
252 Dinh Ngo 1987 Unknown Unknown 7.5 Unknown
253 Pastor Runh 1979 Unknown Unknown 10 Unknown
254 Pastor Y Muk Nie 1968 Unknown Unknown 9 Unknown
255 Pastor Siu Nheo 1955 Unknown Unknown 10 Unknown
256 Y Ty Ksor 1989 Unknown Unknown 14 Unknown
257 Siu Bler 1962 Unknown Unknown 17 Unknown
258 Y Kur Bdap 1971 Unknown Unknown 17 Unknown

 

 

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